A bright, sunny day especially during winters! Ahh! Nobody can resist the joy of sunny days, but joys come with a price and this one brings sun damage.
Sunburn, dark spots, wrinkles, and fine lines, all are the outputs of photo ageing.
Photo ageing: Causing premature ageing, due to UV rays of the sun.
There is no doubt that our skin is excellent in fighting back these problems, but up to some extent. The safeguards which protect the skin from these harmful UV rays are the antioxidants. Antioxidants assist in neutralizing the free radicals caused by these rays and counterbalance the effect. However, being the most and gigantic visible organ that is influenced by harmful chemicals and sun rays every day, the safeguards of the skin are not able to protect for a long time and leads to photo ageing.
As per the data of an article published in Journal of Molecules, “UV exposure accounts for about 80% of visible signs of ageing in the skin such as wrinkling, dry appearance, scalping, and impaired pigmentation”.
Can you reverse the visible signs of sun damage?
This is the first question that comes in everyone's mind after reading this fact. Then the answer is Yes, this can be possible.
Simply working on the following 3 regimens, you can reverse the existing photo ageing symptoms and
rejuvenate your skin.
1. REGIMEN #1 - SUNSCREEN
According to a scientific study, “Everyday wearing of a facial broad-spectrum photostable sunscreen can reverse the visible signs of photodamage”. Sunscreen is the indispensable requirement in the journey to inverse the photo ageing.
What type of sunscreen is best for this action?
To understand the answer to this, we have to figure out the concept of Sun rays.
Have you ever looked at the term broad-spectrum mentioned on sunscreens? If not, then you need to
The sun emits two types of ultraviolet rays: UVA and UVB. UVB strikes the epidermis (the outer skin layer), whereas, the UVA pierces deep into the dermis and leads to photodamage. Not only this, but environmental pollutants are also there. Because both UVA and UVB damage the skin, the sunscreen
should also be of wide-ranging.
So, what things should be there in a broad-spectrum sunscreen?
A) Sun Protection Factor (SPF)
You perhaps heard this term before. This is the factor which accounts for blocking the UVB rays and
protect the skin.
But, the question here is what is best SPF you should go for?
The answer is the SPF range between 30 to 50 is the best. As this can protect your skin for long hours
and can blocks up to 97 and 98 percent of sun rays.
B) Protection Grade (PA) Factor
The SPF only protects skin from UVB rays and to protect from UVA, sunscreen must also have PA factor. A broad-spectrum sunscreen must contain PA, label as PA +, PA ++, PA +++, PA ++++. This PA
rating reflects the protection concerning sunscreen provides from UVA rays.
- PA + means some UVA protection
- PA ++ means moderate UVA protection
- PA +++ means high UVA protection
- PA ++++ means extremely high UVA protection
So, the first step is to choose the best sunscreen and for that don't forget to remember the above-